Abstract of the PDB Structure's related Publication:
Pyruvate formate lyase (PFL) catalyses a key step in Escherichia coli anaerobic glycolysis by converting pyruvate and CoA to formate and acetylCoA. The PFL mechanism involves an unusual radical cleavage of pyruvate, involving an essential C alpha radical of Gly734 and two cysteine residues, Cys418 and Cys419, which may form thiyl radicals required for catalysis. We undertook this study to understand the structural basis for catalysis.
RtcA catalyses adenylylation of 5'-p ends of DNA or RNA strands using RtcA-histidinyl-N-AMP intermediate to form A-pp-DNA and A-pp-RNA product. RtcA is coregulated in an operon with an RNA ligase, RtcB, that splices RNA 5'-OH ends to either 3'-phosphate or 2',3'-cyclic phosphate ends. RtcA might serve an end healing function in an RNA repair pathway, by converting RNA 2'-phosphates, which cannot be spliced by RtcB, to 2',3'-cyclic phosphates that can be sealed.