Published on Dec. 1, 2012 in Nucleic Acids Res volume 40, 22.
PubMed ID: 23074192
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe carries a cytosine 5-methyltransferase homolog of the Dnmt2 family (termed pombe methyltransferase 1, Pmt1), but contains no detectable DNA methylation. Here, we found that Pmt1, like other Dnmt2 homologs, has in vitro methylation activity on cytosine 38 of tRNA(Asp) and, to a lesser extent, of tRNA(Glu), despite the fact that it contains a non-consensus residue in catalytic motif IV as compared with its homologs. In vivo tRNA methylation also required Pmt1. Unexpectedly, however, its in vivo activity showed a strong dependence on the nutritional status of the cell because Pmt1-dependent tRNA methylation was induced in cells grown in the presence of peptone or with glutamate as a nitrogen source. Furthermore, this induction required the serine/threonine kinase Sck2, but not the kinases Sck1, Pka1 or Tor1 and was independent of glucose signaling. Taken together, this work reveals a novel connection between nutrient signaling and tRNA methylation that thus may link tRNA methylation to processes downstream of nutrient signaling like ribosome biogenesis and translation initiation.