Modomics - A Database of RNA Modifications

Published on None in volume (2011) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108: 21034-21039 .

PubMed ID: 22167800

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1115560108


RNA 3'-phosphate cyclase (RtcA) synthesizes RNA 2',3' cyclic phosphate ends via three steps: reaction with ATP to form a covalent RtcA-(histidinyl-Nε)-AMP intermediate; transfer of adenylate to an RNA 3'-phosphate to form RNA(3')pp(5')A; and attack of the vicinal O2' on the 3'-phosphorus to form a 2',3' cyclic phosphate and release AMP. Here we report the crystal structures of RtcA•ATP, RtcA•ATP•Mn(2+), and RtcA•ATP•Co(2+) substrate complexes and an RtcA•AMP product complex. Together with the structures of RtcA apoenzyme and the covalent RtcA-AMP intermediate, they illuminate the mechanism of nucleotidyl transfer, especially the stereochemical transitions at the AMP phosphate, the critical role of the metal in orienting the PP(i) leaving group of ATP during step 1, and the protein conformational switches that accompany substrate binding and product release. The octahedral metal complex of RtcA•ATP•Mn(2+) includes nonbridging oxygens from each of the ATP phosphates, two waters, and Glu14 as the sole RtcA component. Whereas the RtcA adenylylation step is metal-catalyzed, the subsequent steps in the cyclization pathway are metal-independent.