Published on April 1, 1991 in J Bacteriol volume 173.
PubMed ID: 1706703
The plasmid pPR20 contains the gene tgt, which encodes tRNA guanine transglycosylase (Tgt), on a 33-kbp DNA insert from a region around 9 min on the Escherichia coli linkage map. The plasmid was subcloned to determine the sequence and organization of the tgt gene. Tgt is a unique enzyme that exchanges the guanine residue with 7-aminomethyl-7-deazaguanine in tRNAs with GU(N) anticodons. After this exchange, a cyclopentendiol moiety is attached to the 7-aminomethyl group of 7-deazaguanine, resulting in the hypermodified nucleoside queuosine (Q). Here we give the complete sequence of a 3,545-bp StuI-BamHI DNA fragment where we found the tgt gene and three previously unknown genes encoding proteins with calculated molecular masses of 42.5 (Tgt), 14, 39, and 12 kDa. The gene products were characterized on sodium dodecyl sulfate gels after synthesis in a combined transcription-translation system. The mRNA start sites of the open reading frames (ORFs) were determined by primer extension analysis. Plasmids containing the ORF encoding the 39-kDa protein (ORF 39) complemented a mutation in Q biosynthesis after the Tgt step. This gene was designated queA. The genes are arranged in the following order: ORF 14 (transcribed in the counterclockwise direction), queA, tgt, and ORF 12 (all transcribed in the clockwise direction). The organization of the promoter sequences and the termination sites suggests that queA, tgt, and ORF 12 are localized on a putative operon together with the genes secD and secF.