Modomics - A Database of RNA Modifications

Published on Jan. 1, 2019 in volume (2019) Nucleic Acids Res 47: 10942-10955.

PubMed ID: 31586407

DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkz856


The complex between Trm7 and Trm734 (Trm7-Trm734) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalyzes 2'-O-methylation at position 34 in tRNA. We report biochemical and structural studies of the Trm7-Trm734 complex. Purified recombinant Trm7-Trm734 preferentially methylates tRNAPhe transcript variants possessing two of three factors (Cm32, m1G37 and pyrimidine34). Therefore, tRNAPhe, tRNATrp and tRNALeu are specifically methylated by Trm7-Trm734. We have solved the crystal structures of the apo and S-adenosyl-L-methionine bound forms of Trm7-Trm734. Small angle X-ray scattering reveals that Trm7-Trm734 exists as a hetero-dimer in solution. Trm7 possesses a Rossmann-fold catalytic domain, while Trm734 consists of three WD40 β-propeller domains (termed BPA, BPB and BPC). BPA and BPC form a unique V-shaped cleft, which docks to Trm7. The C-terminal region of Trm7 is required for binding to Trm734. The D-arm of substrate tRNA is required for methylation by Trm7-Trm734. If the D-arm in tRNAPhe is docked onto the positively charged area of BPB in Trm734, the anticodon-loop is located near the catalytic pocket of Trm7. This model suggests that Trm734 is required for correct positioning of tRNA for methylation. Additionally, a point-mutation in Trm7, which is observed in FTSJ1 (human Trm7 ortholog) of nosyndromic X-linked intellectual disability patients, decreases the methylation activity.