Modomics - A Database of RNA Modifications

Published on None in volume None.

PubMed ID: 33289480

DOI: 10.7554/eLife.56205


Our knowledge about the repertoire of ribosomal RNA modifications and the enzymes responsible for installing them is constantly expanding. Previously, we reported that NSUN-5 is responsible for depositing m5C at position C2381 on the 26S rRNA in Caenorhabditis elegans. Here, we show that NSUN-1 is writing the second known 26S rRNA m5C at position C2982. Depletion of nsun-1 or nsun-5 improved thermotolerance and slightly increased locomotion at midlife, however, only soma-specific knockdown of nsun-1 extended lifespan. Moreover, soma-specific knockdown of nsun-1 reduced body size and impaired fecundity, suggesting non-cell-autonomous effects. While ribosome biogenesis and global protein synthesis were unaffected by nsun-1 depletion, translation of specific mRNAs was remodeled leading to reduced production of collagens, loss of structural integrity of the cuticle, and impaired barrier function. We conclude that loss of a single enzyme required for rRNA methylation has profound and highly specific effects on organismal development and physiology.

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