Modomics - A Database of RNA Modifications

Published on None in volume None.

PubMed ID: 37625853

DOI: 10.1261/rna.079738.123


The mammalian mRNA 5' cap structures play important roles in cellular processes such as nuclear export, efficient translation, and evading cellular innate immune surveillance and regulating 5'-mediated mRNA turnover. Hence, installation of the proper 5' cap is crucial in therapeutic applications of synthetic mRNA. The core 5' cap structure, Cap-0, is generated by three sequential enzymatic activities: RNA 5' triphosphatase, RNA guanylyltransferase, and cap N7-guanine methyltransferase. Vaccinia virus RNA capping enzyme (VCE) is a heterodimeric enzyme that has been widely used in synthetic mRNA research and manufacturing. The large subunit of VCE D1R exhibits a modular structure where each of the three structural domains possesses one of the three enzyme activities, whereas the small subunit D12L is required to activate the N7-guanine methyltransferase activity. Here we report the characterization of a single-subunit RNA capping enzyme from an amoeba giant virus. Faustovirus RNA capping enzyme (FCE) exhibits a modular array of catalytic domains in common with VCE and is highly efficient in generating the Cap-0 structure without an activation subunit. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that FCE and VCE are descended from a common ancestral capping enzyme. We found that compared to VCE, FCE exhibits higher specific activity, higher activity towards RNA containing secondary structures, and broader temperature range, properties favorable for synthetic mRNA manufacturing workflows.

This publication refers to following proteins: