Published on March 1, 1999 in Nucleic Acids Res volume 27.
PubMed ID: 9973619
The modification patterns of in vitro transcripts of two yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNAs (tRNAPheand tRNAAsp) and one archaeal Haloferax volcanii tRNA (tRNAIle) were investigated in the cell-free extract of Pyrococcus furiosus supplemented with S -adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet). The results indicate that the enzymatic formation of 11 distinct modified nucleotides corresponding to 12 enzymatic activities can be detected in vitro. They correspond to the formation of pseudouridines (Psi) at positions 39 and 55, 2' -O- ribose methylations at positions 6 (Am) and 56 (Cm), base methylations at positions 10 (m2G), 26 (m22G), 37 (m1G), 49 (m5C), 54 (m5U) and 58 (m1A) and both the deamination and methylation of adenosine into m1I at position 57. Most of the detected modified nucleotides are common modifications found in other phylogenetic groups, while Am6, Cm56and m1I57are specific modifications found exclusively in Archaea. It is also shown that the enzymatic formation of m5C49, m5U54, Psi55and m1I57does not depend on the three-dimensional architecture of the tRNA substrate, since these modi-fications also occur in fragmented tRNAs as substrate.