Published on Nov. 12, 2004 in J Biol Chem volume 279.
PubMed ID: 15339930
The last biosynthetic step for 2-methylthio-N(6)-isopentenyl-adenosine (ms(2)i(6)A), present at position 37 in some tRNAs, consists of the methylthiolation of the isopentenyl-adenosine (i(6)A) precursor. In this work we have reconstituted in vitro the conversion of i(6)A to ms(2)i(6)A within a tRNA substrate using the iron-sulfur MiaB protein, S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), and a reducing agent. We show that a synthetic i(6)A-containing RNA corresponding to the anticodon stem loop of tRNA(Phe) is also a substrate. This study demonstrates that MiaB protein is a bifunctional system, involved in both thiolation and methylation of i(6)A. In this process, one molecule of AdoMet is converted to 5'-deoxyadenosine, probably through reductive cleavage and intermediate formation ofa5'-deoxyadenosyl radical as observed in other "Radical-AdoMet" enzymes, and a second molecule of AdoMet is used as a methyl donor as shown by labeling experiments. The origin of the sulfur atom is discussed.