Modomics - A Database of RNA Modifications

Published on March 1, 1978 in Nucleic Acids Res volume 5.

PubMed ID: 347399


Purified preparations of the tRNA methylase deficient in supK strains of Salmonella typhimurium transfer methyl groups from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to at least two tRNA species, an alanine tRNA and a serine tRNA. The identity of the tRNA substrates for this enzyme was determined by a change in the elution position of the methyl-labeled tRNA from BND-cellulose columns before and after aminoacylation with a specific amino acid followed by derivatization of the free primary amino group with phenoxy- or naphthoxyacetate. The radioactive methyl group enzymatically added to these tRNAs is both acid and base labile and can be hydrolyzed to a volatile product at pHs above 7.5 and also at pH 1. The methylated 3'-nucleotide isolated from digested tRNA is a pyrimidine derivative and chromatographs like a modified uridylic acid. Its identity has not been established, but it is likely that it corresponds to the methyl ester of V, uridin-5-oxyacetic acid.