Published on March 5, 2004 in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci volume 801.
PubMed ID: 14751792
Three queuosine derivatives (Q-derivatives) have been found at position 34 of four mammalian so-called Q-tRNAs: queuosine (Q) in tRNA(Asn) and tRNA(His), mannosyl-queuosine (manQ) in tRNA(Asp), and galactosyl-queuosine (galQ) in tRNA(Tyr). An analytical procedure based on the combined means of purified tRNA isolation from liver cells and ribonucleoside analysis by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography coupled with real-time UV-spectrometry (RPLC-UV) was developed for the quantitative analysis of the three Q-derivatives present in total tRNA from liver tissues and liver cell cultures. Using this analytical procedure, the rates of Q-tRNA modification were studied in total tRNAs from various mammalian hepatic cells. Our results show that the four Q-tRNAs are fully modified in liver tissues from adult mammals, regardless of the mammal species. However, a lack in the Q-modification level was observed in Q-tRNAs from newborn rat liver, as well in Q-tRNAs from normal rat liver cell cultures growing in a low queuine content medium, and from a rat hepatoma cell line. It is noteworthy that in all cases of Q-tRNA hypomodification, our analytical procedure showed that tRNA(Asp) is always the least affected by the hypomodification. The biological significance of this phenomenon is discussed.