Published on Dec. 1, 2003 in Mol Cell Biol volume 23.
PubMed ID: 14645538
We have identified a novel tRNA methyltransferase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that we designate Trm9. This enzyme, the product of the YML014w gene, catalyzes the esterification of modified uridine nucleotides, resulting in the formation of 5-methylcarbonylmethyluridine in tRNA(Arg3) and 5-methylcarbonylmethyl-2-thiouridine in tRNA(Glu). In intact yeast cells, disruption of the TRM9 gene results in the complete loss of these modified wobble bases and increased sensitivity at 37 degrees C to paromomycin, a translational inhibitor. These results suggest a role for this potentially reversible methyl esterification reaction when cells are under stress.