Published on Nov. 5, 2010 in J Biol Chem volume 285.
PubMed ID: 20739293
JmjC (Jumonji C) domain-containing proteins are known to be an extensive family of Fe(II)/2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases involved in epigenetic regulation of gene expression by catalyzing oxidative demethylation of methylated histones. We report here that a human JmjC protein named Tyw5p (TYW5) unexpectedly acts in the biosynthesis of a hypermodified nucleoside, hydroxywybutosine, in tRNA(Phe) by catalyzing hydroxylation. The finding provides an insight into the expanding role of JmjC protein as an RNA hydroxylase.