Published on May 23, 2005 in FEBS Lett volume 579.
PubMed ID: 15893316
The archaeal parasite Nanoarchaeum equitans was found to generate five tRNA species via a unique process requiring the assembly of seperate 5' and 3' tRNA halves [Randau, L., Munch, R., Hohn, M.J., Jahn, D. and Soll, D. (2005) Nanoarchaeum equitans creates functional tRNAs from separate genes for their 5'- and 3'-halves. Nature 433, 537-541]. Biochemical evidence was missing for one of the computationally-predicted, joined tRNAs designated as tRNA(Trp). Our RT-PCR and sequencing results identify this tRNA as tRNA(Lys) (CUU) joined at the alternative position between bases 30 and 31. We show that the intron-containing tRNA(Trp) was misidentified in the initial Nanoarchaeum equitans genome annotation [E. Waters et al. (2003) The genome of Nanoarchaeum equitans: insights into early archaeal evolution and derived parasitism. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 12984-12988]. Along with a previously unidentified joined tRNA(Gln) (UUG), Nanoarchaeum equitans exhibits 44 tRNAs and is enabled to read all 61 sense codons. Features unique to this set of tRNA molecules are discussed.