Published on Aug. 1, 2013 in Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun volume 69.
PubMed ID: 23908023
Dihydrouridine (D) is one of the most widely conserved tRNA modifications. Dihydrouridine synthase (Dus) is responsible for introducing D modifications into RNA by the reduction of uridine. Recently, a unique substrate-recognition mechanism using a small adapter molecule has been proposed for Thermus thermophilus Dus (TthDusC). To acquire insight regarding its substrate-recognition mechanism, the crystal structure of DusC from Escherichia coli (EcoDusC) was determined at 2.1 A resolution. EcoDusC was shown to be composed of two domains: an N-terminal catalytic domain and a C-terminal tRNA-binding domain. An L-shaped electron density surrounded by highly conserved residues was found in the active site, as observed for TthDus. Structure comparison with TthDus indicated that the N-terminal region has a similar structure, whereas the C-terminal domain has marked differences in its relative orientation to the N-terminal domain as well as in its own structure. These observations suggested that Dus proteins adopt a common substrate-recognition mechanism using an adapter molecule, whereas the manner of tRNA binding is diverse.